A few decades ago, the idea of talking to an audio speaker to control the house lights or the air conditioner would have seemed ridiculous. Today, smart appliances, Internet-driven things, are a reality that most of us know. People are starting to see the benefits of the growing number of connected devices and smart wizards in their homes. The rapid development of technology in recent years has led us to the point where connected peripherals and machine-to-machine communication are the key to a more advanced, sustainable and intelligent future.
The Internet of Things (IoT) was invented by British pioneer Kevin Ashton in 1999 to describe a network through which physical objects could connect to the Internet through sensors. At that point, Ashton probably had an idea of the size of the IoT space. Analysts estimate that the installed base of IoT devices should be more than 23 billion units by 2021, while others believe that IoT applications could have a total economic impact of up to $ 11 billion a year, here 2025 India is not too far away in the IoT race. Deloitte predicted that by 2020, IOT units in India would increase by 31 times to about $ 1.9 billion, with a market value of about $ 9 billion. IoT is the key to significant growth in business and new opportunities for the technology sector in both the Indian market and the global market.
There is no doubt that the IOT has a profound impact on the social and even environmental future of the world as we know it. From smart cities to driverless cars and smart factories, and smart homes, the Internet of Things will be everywhere. India, with its rapid reach of mobile telephony, has the potential to take advantage of IOT in all areas to improve the quality of life, increase productivity and automate the simple tasks of our daily lives. Although IoT consumer adoption in the country may take some time, the Indian Government is investing to accelerate and take advantage of IoT’s benefits in areas such as smart cities, sustainability and water quality, environment, health, waste management, agriculture and manufacturing. IoT technology is used to create intelligent lighting systems that are able to detect ambient light and turn on or off accordingly or recognize when people or vehicles are nearby and ignite only when they approach. IoT sensors help municipal authorities monitor water use and waste accurately by identifying pipeline or faulty system leaks and even contributing to more efficient disposal of waste through intelligent waste treatment and smart waste systems. Smart trash cans can alert pickup workers when the can is full, so they can better plan their routes, without stopping in empty containers, saving a lot of time and effort, money. India is also testing IoT-based irrigation systems for more efficient use of water, for example, using hundreds of sensors to measure soil water content or monitoring the climate to adjust watering water when expected rain, extreme heat or strong winds.
As more and more devices are connected in the IoT ecosystem, there will be more and more amounts of data generated by each device and each sensor reading. If analyzed correctly and in real time, this data can generate a wealth of useful information that can help solve problems when they occur, better understand cause and effect relationships and greatly improve processes and efficiency. The challenge is to effectively analyze large amounts of unstructured data. In response, IoT devices get higher levels of “smarter” computing power. The so-called “Edge Computer” analyzes and reads the data and only returns critical information. Imagine a security camera that knows the difference between an intruder and the pet or the family’s children, and only sends and alerts when someone does not recognize it. Even with advanced computing, the growth of IoT space must be closely integrated with advances in data analysis and storage space.